How to offer Eid-ul-Adha 2020 prayer during pandemic

How to offer Eid-ul-Adha prayer, sacrifice during pandemic

Owing to the spread of corona pandemic and based on the decisions, large gatherings for Eid-ul-Adha prayers in Eidgahs and mosques will not be possible, writes Dr Mohammad Najeeb Qasmi.


That is why Muslims should offer Eid-ul-Adha prayers at home same as done in Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. It can be offered at home. For offering of Eid prayer, three people besides the Imam are enough.

Eid-ul-Adha Prayer: The Eid-ul-Adha prayer is compulsory. It has two Rak’ahs which are to be performed in congregation. The time of Eid-ul-Adha prayer commences after the rising of the sun, which lasts until Zawal, but it is not appropriate to delay too much. There are six extra Takbeer in Eid-ul-Adha.

How to offer Eid prayer: Make niyyah of prayer first. The niyyah actually is the name of intention within the heart. It is better to say with tongues that I am going to perform the obligatory Eid prayer with six additional takbeers. Then tie your hands saying Allahu Akbar and read Subhanak Allah… And then raise both hands up to the ears like Takbir Tahrimah and say Allahu Akbar three times, release your hands after two Takbirs and tie your hands after the third Takbir.

After tying hands, the Imam should recite Surah Al-Fatihah and any Surah. The followers should listen to the recitation in silence. Then complete the first rak’ah like a normal prayer. In the second rak’ah, the Imam should first recite Surah Al-Fatihah and any Surah. The followers should listen to the recitation in silence. After the recitation is completed, raise both hands up to the ears and say Takbir three times. Then bow down saying Allahu Akbar and complete the rest of the prayer like normal prayers. You can ask for dua after Eid prayer but dua is not masnun after khutbah.

Eid-ul-Adha Sermon: It is Sunnah that the Imam should deliver the sermon after the Eid-ul-Adha prayer. People who keep talking during the sermon or leave the sermon are actually are committing the wrong. A short prayer should be offered and a short sermon should be delivered in the lockdown. The sermon can also be read by looking into a booklet. If no one can deliver a sermon in any place, then the Eid prayer will be performed even without the sermon, because the sermon of Eid is Sunnah and not obligatory. Short surahs of the Holy Quran can also be recited in the sermon. Two sermons should be given like on Friday. Between the two sermons, the Imam should sit on a stair or chair for a while.

If a person is not able to offer Eid prayer due to lockdown in any place of the world, then he should perform four rak’ats (2 + 2) of Chasht. It is narrated from Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood RA that whoever misses the Eid prayer, he should perform four rak’ahs.

Greeting of Eid after Eid prayer: Hugging or shaking hands after Eid prayer is not a Sunnah of Eid, and there is an outbreak of coronavirus these days, so avoid hugging or shaking hands after Eid prayer. Because taking precautionary measures is not against Islamic law.

Taking bath, using Miswak, putting on the best available clothes, applying perfume, using separate routes to and from the praying ground, saying takbir (اَللّٰہُ اَکْبَر، اَللّٰہُ اَکْبَر،لَا اِلہَ اِلَّا اللّٰہ، وَاللّٰہُ اَکْبَر، اَللّٰہُ اَکْبَر، وَلِلّٰہِ الْحَمْد) are among the acts of Sunnah for this day.

Takbir-e-Tashreeq: From the first Dhu’l-Hijjah, every person should take special care to recite Takbir -e-Tashreeq. The words of Takbir -e- Tashreeq are: اَللہُ اَکْبَر، اَللہُ اَکْبَر،لَا اِلہَ اِلَّا اللہُ، وَاللہُ اَکْبَر، اَللہُ اَکْبَر، وَلِلہِ الْحَمْد Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illa Allah, wa Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa Lillah alhamd (God is Great, God Is Great, There is no God But Allah, God Is Great, God Is Great, All praises be to Allah). Starting from the Fajr of 9 Dhul-Hijjah to the Asr of 13 Dhul-Hijjah, in every 23 prayers, after every obligatory prayer, this Takbir must be recited. The special virtue of fasting on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah has been specifically mentioned in the hadiths.

DISCLAIMER: Views are of the author.